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These diagrams were added 6 May 2009. They are an early attempt to describe the perspective taken by a symbolic modeller while a therapist or coach. A more comprehensive description is available in our article, Pointing to a New Modelling Perspective.

Our model draws on Ken Wilber's "8 Major Native Perspectives", an expanded version of his quadrants model (original model in Sex, Ecology, Spirituality, 1995. Download a full description of the new model at:

* Notes:
- 2nd position is a useful fiction, you only ever experience your own experience
- there is also what we call a ‘faux 2nd position', i.e 'what I would do if I was in B’s shoes’.
- B’s map may include them 2nd positioning someone else!
Penny Tompkins & James Lawley
Penny and James are supervising neurolinguistic psychotherapists – registered with the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy since 1993 – coaches in business, certified NLP trainers, and founders of The Developing Company.

They have provided consultancy to organisations as diverse as GlaxoSmithKline, Yale University Child Study Center, NASA Goddard Space Center and the Findhorn Spiritual Community in Northern Scotland.

Their book,
Metaphors in Mind
was the first comprehensive guide to Symbolic Modelling using the Clean Language of David Grove. An annotated training DVD, A Strange and Strong Sensation demonstrates their work in a live session. They have published over 200 articles and blogs freely available on their website:
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Symbolic Modelling

James Lawley
Penny Tompkins

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